While the U.S. government is pulling out all the stops to undermine Huawei’s drive to dominate the 5G future, its own Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is pursuing litigation which, if successful, would seriously damage the only major U.S. competitor to that Chinese company: Qualcomm. Given the importance of the 5G rollout to both national security and economic leadership in this technology, the outcome of this case has major implications for the U.S.-China rivalry in coming decades.